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During the Middle Ages, the city was variously known as Barchinona, Barçalona, Barchelonaa, and Barchenona.
Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to 'Barça'.
The forging of a dynastic link between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile marked the beginning of Barcelona's decline.
The Bank of Barcelona (Taula de canvi), probably the oldest public bank in Europe, was established by the city magistrates in 1401.
After merging with the Kingdom of Aragon, Barcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia.
Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination.
The definitive metre bar, manufactured from platinum, was presented to the French legislative assembly on 22 June 1799.The great plague of 1650–1654 halved the city's population.In the 18th century, a fortress was built at Montjuïc that overlooked the harbour.The cathedral, also known as the Basilica La Seu, is said to have been founded in 343.The city was conquered by the Visigoths in the early 5th century, becoming for a few years the capital of all Hispania.